Generic selectors
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content

Giving your Pumps a Power Checkup

Load Controls
Load Controls Giving your Pumps a Power Checkup sensors

Giving your Pumps a Power Checkup

Using existing sensors to improve energy efficiency and reliability

When you first designed your pumping system you took great care to pick the right pumps for the job. You picked from choices that would work with the process demands and constraints in the environment, and then optimized them according to manufacturer’s pump curves. This included selecting the Best Efficiency Point and selecting the right HP motor for the job.

But that was a while ago. And process requirements have shifted and there have been improvements to the piping infrastructure and new pumps introduced. All the while energy costs continue to rise and there’s always more scrutiny over how efficiently the pump environment is running.

A path to get more insight into the health and efficiency of your pumps is the power sensor you may already have installed to monitor and protect pumps and their motors.

How does Power Monitoring Work?

Load Controls fig 1 Load Controls Giving your Pumps a Power CheckupPower, measured in HP or Watts is calculated from the electrical connections powering the pump’s motor. By multiplying Voltage X Current X Power Factor (loosely described as the energy required to charge the coils in the motor) we can get an accurate view of the work the motor is doing. This gives us a signal to monitor and control pumps:

  • When flow rate is low, Power is low
  • When flow rate is high, Power is high
  • At light load conditions, caused by cavitation or dry running, measuring the change in
    Power is 10X more sensitive than Current (Amps) alone.

Measuring power requires no direct mechanical attachment to the pump or motor, and can be done in an environment free from potential manufacturing hazards such as the Motor Control Cabinet.

Load Controls Fig 2 Load Controls Giving your Pumps a Power CheckupBenefits of Power monitoring include real-time feedback on process status, flow and viscosity changes, dry running, cavitation, impeller loss and other error conditions and maintenance issues

Adding in the Pump Curve

Looking at a typical pump curve such as Figure 1 we see that when arriving at a Best Efficiency Point (BEP) a corresponding recommended motor HP can be determined. For this example the BEP would dictate a 30HP motor.

Fig 3 Load Controls Giving your Pumps a Power Checkup

Figure 1: Sample Pump Curve Courtesy: Hydraulic Institute

By using a load control, or motor power sensor, the actual HP requirements of the current process can be captured over time. By comparing the average and peak HP requirements with the installed HP motor and the theoretical pump curve we can draw important insights:

Is the motor potentially oversized (actual HP measured much less than stated HP on the motor)?

Causes for this might include:

  • Process changes and improvements that reduce operating Head or Flow
  • Addition of new pumps in parallel functions
  • Lower throughput requirements based on lower demand from the business
  • Overly conservative sizing during the initial installation
  • Replacement impeller sizing that places lower demand on the pump’s motor

Or you may find that the process has moved further out (down and to the right) the pump curve indicating the pump motor is potentially undersized. Causes of this under sizing include:

  • Increased Flow requirements from the process or business
  • Process changes over time that increased Head or Flow
  • Aggressive cost savings approach when initially sizing the pump motor
  • Wear or maintenance needs
  • Spikes from seasonally high demand that were not originally forecasted
Load Controls PMP_25 Pump Control with HP Display sensors

Figure 2 Load Controls PMP-25 Pump Control with HP Display

The Implications

In the case of oversizing there can be significant expense implications. Some industry analysts estimate that up to 75% of installed pumps are oversized, many by as much as 20%. Identifying a 30HP pump motor that is oversized by 20% could save over $25,000 per pump per year. This would yield a payback period for a newer, more correctly sized motor, of just a few months. With industrial pumps accounting for as much as 25% of the world’s energy consumption, the potential for significant impact and savings is large.

Undersizing of pump motors can also be a problem over the long term. Reduced motor life, overheating and excessive wear can cause maintenance headaches. Downtime, whether planned or unplanned can cost valuable productivity and margin loss. Failure of the pump system can also lead to significant cleanup costs and potentially safety risks in the event of a catastrophic event.

By leveraging an existing investment in pump power monitors or load controls, smart pump managers can raise the efficiency, lower operating costs and reduce risk. Analyzing HP data that is readily available from these sensors can unlock significant business benefit and should be part of any forward-thinking pump management program.

About Load Controls, INC.

Since 1983 Load Controls has been providing Power monitoring solutions for Chemical Processing, Pharmaceutical, Food Processing, Paper, Waste Treatment, Machine Tool and other process manufacturing applications. Our sensors and controls are in use by 9 of the 10 world’s largest chemical processing firms, and 9 of the 10 largest Pharmaceutical companies globally. All of our products are manufactured in the USA.

Visit www.loadcontrols.com for more application use cases and product information, or to request a 30-day trial.

Read more about Power monitoring.

Related Articles

Related Whitepapers

10 Tips To Improve Operations Of A Salt Water Disposal Pump

In the oil and gas industry, a large amount of salt water is collected during the process of oil production. In Texas, for example, the…

Cavitation Guide

Cla-Val has the technical resources you need to design and operate a fluid handling system that is both efficient and reliable. You can visit a…

Managing Aging Plants, Equipment & Infrastructure

Solving your challenges with proven solutions Chesterton is a full-solution provider for water treatment/wastewater plants and systems that are seeking to increase equipment reliability and…

Reliable Pumps for High-pressure Cleaning with Superior Handling of Abrasives and Particulates

Compact, Seal-less Pumps for Reliable Operation and Long Service Life With more than 40 years of experience serving many different industries, including major global companies,…

Comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Sign up for our Newsletter!


By submitting this form, you are consenting to receive marketing emails from: Empowering Pumps & Equipment, 2205-C 7th Street, Tuscaloosa, AL, 35401, http://www.empoweringpumps.com. You can revoke your consent to receive emails at any time by using the SafeUnsubscribe® link, found at the bottom of every email. Emails are serviced by Constant Contact